Kidney Feline Disease: Everything You Should Know

Your cat’s kidneys play a critical role in the body of your pet. The kidney regulates blood pressure, blood volume, blood sugar, secretes some of the essential hormones, regulates water composition in the blood, expels waste from the blood, and most importantly stimulates the bone marrow to secrete red blood cells.

The feline kidney disease can be described as a persistent loss of the kidney function over time. Although cats of any age can suffer from feline kidney diseases, the problem is common in older cats with at least a third of all older cats suffering from the disease.

The disease occurs slowly, and it may be too late to manage it by the time the symptoms become obvious. Here are the common symptoms, causes, and how you can control the feline kidney disease.

Symptoms of the Feline Kidney Disease

Typically, the kidneys can’t regenerate themselves, and once their tissues are damaged beyond repair, it means that they are gone forever. Symptoms of this disease will start to manifest once at least two-thirds of the kidney function has been lost and the remaining a third is struggling to accomplish certain functions in the body. Here are some of the common symptoms of feline kidney disease:

  • Increased thirst: cats with feline kidney disease are always thirsty since a lot of water is lost from their bodies in the form of dilute urine. The cat has to compensate for the lost water by drinking more water. However, it will reach a certain point when the pet is unable to drink enough water to replace what is lost.
  • Frequent urinating: Although most people tend to think that this is a sign the cat’s kidneys are working well, the opposite is true If you discover that your cat is urinating everywhere- even outside her litter box and where she sleeps, then keep in mind that it may be suffering from the kidney disease.
  • Poor appetite: metabolic changes that take place in the cat’s body as a result of kidney disease may make the pet feel bad enough to the point of losing appetite. Cats with this disease will portray lack of appetite for a prolonged period which shall lead to significant weight loss.
  • Tiredness: Dehydration may also make the cat feel bad and lose a lot of energy. With time, you will discover that the cat is no longer interested in activities that it used to enjoy earlier. It will also show signs of tiredness all the time.

How Can You Treat Feline Kidney Disease?

If your cat has been diagnosed with this disease, then you can manage it in three different ways namely:

  • Medication: The veterinarian may recommend certain medications and supplements that raise potassium levels, lower blood pressure, promote kidney function and also lowers phosphorous levels.
  • Diet: A veterinarian will also prescribe special diets that promote the cat’s kidney function while alleviating the biochemical abnormalities in the body which result in kidney failure. Canned food is highly recommended since it has a higher water content.

Contact the University Animal Hospital today for further information regarding the feline kidney disease.